Penguins. Germany, 2017. © Craig Redmond
This series explores the unnatural captivity of wild animals in zoos - ‘False Environments’ where the paintings of trees, rocks and other landscapes may fool the viewing public but do nothing to benefit the lives of animals who will never experience freedom.
“Zoos teach us precisely that habitat/environment/ecosystem are not very important – not fundamental aspects of their existence. The zoo tells us: here is a zebu – it is displaced from its society and its habitat, but it is still a zebu. The message is that it can exist apart from its natural setting, its natural environment. The implication is that habitats are superfluous, expendable. Why bother trying to protect the environment when we can just scoop up all the interesting animals who live in it and put them on display?”
Randy Malamud, Professor of English at Georgia State University, USA, and author of Reading Zoos: Representations of Animals and Captivity